Trauma surgery is a surgical specialty that utilizes both operative and non-operative management to treat traumatic injuries, typically in an acute setting.Trauma surgeons generally complete residency training in General Surgery[ and often fellowship training in trauma or surgical critical care. The trauma surgeon is responsible for initially resuscitating and stabilizing and later evaluating and managing the patient. The attending trauma surgeon also leads the trauma team, which typically includes nurses and support staff as well as resident physicians in teaching hospitals.
Trauma is the injuries suffered when a person experiences a blunt force. You may also hear trauma referred to as a "major trauma." Many trauma patients are the victims of car crashes, stabbings, and gun shot wounds.
Trauma can also be caused by falls, crush type injuries, and pedestrians being struck by a car.
Traumatic injuries can affect internal organs, bones, the brain, and the other soft tissues of the body. No area of the body is immune to trauma, but trauma can range from minor (hitting your finger with a hammer) to major (being hit by a car traveling at a high rate of speed or falling off of a building).